Jute is a natural fiber with a silky gold shine : it owes it its nickname of "Gold Fiber"
Jute is the second natural fiber in terms of production and use, just behind cotton
We estimate the beginning of jute cultivation back to 800 before J.C.
Jute is recognized since more than 200 years as a substitute to the linen and European hemp
Jute plant growth in humid regions. 85% of the global production comes from the Gulf of Bengal , India for 60% and Bangladesh for 25%, closely followed by Myanmar (Burma) and Nepal
In India and Bangladesh, jute allows 4 million farmers to live, providing a livelihood for 20 million people. Hundreds of millions of people work in manufacturing
Jute plant uses a big workforce because of the mechanization which is not suitable
Jute is available in inexhaustible quantities and for a low price, which would replace the more expensive fibers and scarce natural resources
Jute is composed by cellulose and lignin, two biodegradable components, and it does not release toxic gases
On the way to sustainable development ?
In addition to bags, jute is now used as a component of high-value products such as flooring, paper pulp, technical textiles, etc.
The International Studies Group of Jute (http://www.jute.org), created on 2002, aims to ensure the promotion of this fiber and market transparency. India, Bangladesh, the 27 countries of the European Union and Switzerland are represented in